Prague Minos Guide

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10. století

Old Town

A part of Prague founded in the 10th century
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The Old Town was a municipality that later became the oldest Prague borough. There are records of the place being inhabited in the 8th century. There is documented evidence of a christian settlement in the 9th century. In the 10th century, it became the centre of the Přemyslid State, we know of the existence of wooden bridges over the Vltava River.
In 1172, the first stone bridge was laid over the Vltava River, named by Vladislav the First after his wife Judith. Further development of the Old Town followed in the 13th century, when it became a municipality for mostly the German population. In the 14th century Prague became a major town thanks to the project of Emperor Charles the Fourth, a New Town

was founded, and the unheard-of development of craft trade began. Citizens of the lower-middle class lived in the New Town.
In the Old Town, at the end of the 14th century, the Hussite Reformation Movement centre developed,it acquired the voting majority in the town council in the beginning of the 15th century. The Old Town led, in terms of reforms, Prague Society. It was a political entity during the Hussite Wars. The Old Town residents also received from Jiří of Poděbrady the privilege to collect the bridge toll charges. In 1784, the Old Town became part of the Royal City of Prague, as well as the New Town.
Today, the Old Town is a favourite tourist destination with its numerous monuments.


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