Prague Minos Guide

Web encyclopedia of GPS Digital Guide available in mobile devices around Prague for hire or for download during your visit.

CS | EN | FR | DE
19. - 20. století

Roman Jakobson

World renowned Russian linguist
Info text

Jakobson was one of the most significant linguists and structuralists of the 20th century. He lived in Czechoslovakia before the Second World War and was a member of the Prague Linguistic Circle.
He came from a wealthy Jewish family. During his studies he became familiar with the work of Ferdinand de Saussure, who greatly influenced him. In 1920 he moved to Prague as a member of the Soviet diplomatic mission, but he soon devoted himself solely to his academic career. In 1926 he co-founded the Prague Linguistic Circle and the following years he devoted himself to phonology and to the theory of poetry in the specific case of Czech culture. Jakobson was a supporter of the synchronic

approach of language development (study of the relations between the language’s elements and their function on a horizontal level), as opposed to the then universally accepted diachronic approach (historical vertical level of the development of languages).
When the Second World War broke out, he pulled off a dramatic escape from the Nazis via Scandinavia to New York, where he co-founded with Levi-Strauss the Free School for Advanced Studies (a sort of French university-in-exile). There he met with illustrious linguists such as Franz Boas and Benjamin Lee Whorf. One of Jakobson’s friends from his time in Czechoslovakia was Jan Patocka, to whom he dedicated a warm obituary.


Certifikovaný partner
Running project in Prague
Android Android Objednat průvodce
© 2009 - all contents